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Interior design is the art and science of enhancing the interior of a building to achieve a healthier and more aesthetically pleasing environment for the people using the space. An interior designer is someone who plans, researches, coordinates, and manages such projects. Interior design is a multifaceted profession that includes conceptual development, space planning, site inspections, programming, research, communicating with the stakeholders of a project, construction management, and execution of the design.
Interior design is the process of shaping the experience of interior space, through the manipulation of spatial volume as well as surface treatment. Not to be confused with interior decoration, interior design draws on aspects of environmental psychology, architecture, and product design in addition to traditional decoration.
Interior design is the art and science of understanding people’s behaviour to create functional spaces within a building. Decoration is the furnishing or adorning of a space with fashionable or beautiful things. In short, interior designers may decorate, but decorators do not design.
Concepts and Creation
When doing interior design, it is necessary to think of the house as a whole; a series of spaces linked together by halls and stairways. It is therefore appropriate that a common style and theme runs throughout. This is not to say that all interior design elements should be the same, but they should work together and complement each other to strengthen the whole composition.
Colour is a powerful design tool in decoration, as well as in interior design which is the art of composing and coordinating colours together to create a stylish scheme on the interior architecture of the space.
A way to create theme or storyline is with the well-considered use of colour. Colour schemes in general are a great way to unify a collection of spaces. For example, you might pick three or four colours and use them in varying shades throughout the house.
It is essential to interior designers to acquire a deep experience with colours, understand their psychological effects, and understand the meaning of each colour in different locations and situations in order to create suitable combinations for each place.
Combining colours together could result in creating a state of mind as seen by the observer, and could eventually result in positive or negative effects on them. Colours make the room feel either more calm, cheerful, comfortable, stressful, or dramatic. Colour combination make a tiny room seem larger or smaller. So, it is the Interior designer profession to choose appropriate colours for a place in a way people want to look and feel in the space.
In a short sentence for those who just scan this article balance can be described as the equal distribution of visual weight in a room.
There are three styles of balance: symmetrical, asymmetrical, and radial.
Symmetrical balance is usually found in traditional interiors. Symmetrical balance is characterized by the same objects repeated in the same positions on either side of a vertical axis, for example you might remember old rooms where on each side of a room is an exact mirror of the other. This symmetry also reflects the human form, so we are innately comfortable in a balanced setting.
Asymmetrical balance is more appropriate in design in these days. Balance is achieved with some dissimilar objects that have equal visual weight or eye attraction. Asymmetrical balance is more casual and less contrived in feeling, but more difficult to achieve. Asymmetry suggests movement, and leads to more lively interiors.
Radial symmetry is when all the elements of a design are arrayed around a centre point. A spiral staircase is also an excellent example of radial balance. Though not often employed in interiors, it can provide an interesting counterpoint if used appropriately.
Enemies of Design
Interior design’s biggest enemy is boredom. A well-designed room always has, depending on the size of it, one or more focal points. A focal point must be dominant to draw attention and interesting enough to encourage the viewer to look further. A focal point thus must have a lasting impression but must also be an integral part of the decoration linked through scale, style, colour or theme. A fireplace or a flat TV is the first example that most people think of when we talk about a room focal point.
If you don’t have a natural focal point in your space, such as a fireplace for example, you can create one by highlighting a particular piece of furniture, artwork, or by simply painting a contrasting colour in one area. Try to maintain balance, though, so that the focal point doesn’t hog all of the attention.
If we would speak about music, we would describe rhythms the beat of pulse of the music. In interior design, rhythm is all about visual pattern repetition. Rhythm is defined as continuity, recurrence or organized movement. To achieve these themes in a design, you need to think about repetition, progression, transition and contrast. Using these mechanisms will impart a sense of movement to your space, leading the eye from one design element to another.
Repetition is the use of the same element more than once throughout a space. You can repeat a pattern, colour, texture, line, or any other element, or even more than one element.
Progression is taking an element and increasing or decreasing one or more of its qualities. The most obvious implementation of this would be a gradation by size. A cluster of candles of varying sizes on a simple tray creates interest because of the natural progression shown. You can also achieve progression via colour, such as in a monochromatic colour scheme where each element is a slightly different shade of the same hue.
Transition is a little harder to define. Unlike repetition or progression, transition tends to be a smoother flow, where the eye naturally glides from one area to another. The most common transition is the use of a curved line to gently lead the eye, such as an arched doorway or winding path.
Contrast; Finally, contrast is fairly straightforward. Putting two elements in opposition to one another, such as black and white pillows on a sofa, is the hallmark of this design principle. Opposition can also be implied by contrasts in form, such as circles and squares used together. Contrast can be quite jarring, and is generally used to enliven a space. Be careful not to undo any hard work you’ve done using the other mechanisms by introducing too much contrast!
Another important element of interior design where it is necessary to take infinite pains is details. Everything from the trimming on the lamp shade, the colour of the piping on the scatter cushion, to the light switches and cupboard handles need attention. Unlike colour people find details boring. As a result, it gets neglected and skimmed over or generally left out. As colour expresses the whole spirit and life of a scheme; details are just as an important underpinning of interior design. Details should not be obvious, but they should be right, enhancing the overall feel of a room.
Scale and Proportion
These two design principles go hand in hand, since both relate to size and shape. Without consideration of scale, in particular, human scale, our everyday activities would be more difficult. Scale refers to the relationship between two or more objects, one that has a commonly known size. In most cases, the size of objects is compared to our own human scale. We can find examples of this in our homes and workplaces; for instance, standardized heights.
Proportion has to do with the ratio of one design element to another, or one element to the whole. Scale concerns itself with the size of one object compared to another. Proportion is a word often used interchangeably with scale although there is one subtle difference between the two definitions. While the word scale implies the comparison of objects where the actual size of one object is known, proportion relates to the general size of two objects without information regarding their actual sizes (or scales).
While scale is more absolute, proportion is truly relative and requires the interior designer to understand the interactions between objects within a 3-dimensional space. For most designers, it’s a difficult thing to explain when objects in a room are in proportion – this is what we refer to as having “an eye for design”.
There is no right or wrong when it comes to this application of proportion. As it can alter the way our spaces look and feel, getting proportion “right” all depends on the intent of the designer.
An interior designer is a person who is considered a professional in the field of interior design or one who design interiors as part of their job. Interior design is a creative practice that analyses programmatic information, establishes a conceptual direction, refines the design direction, and produces graphic communication and construction documents. In some jurisdictions, interior designers must be licensed to practice.
Interior designers are skilled at providing a full scope of services which may vary with each project but generally include:
- Analysing the client’s needs and goals.
- Integrating findings with knowledge of interior design, economic trends as well as legal and regulatory requirements.
- Formulating design concepts that are functional, fiscally appropriate and aesthetically pleasing.
- Overseeing the interior design process including project budgeting and schedules.
- Preparing working drawings and specifications for interior construction, space planning, materials, finishes, furnishings, fixtures and equipment.
- Collaborating with other practitioners who offer professional services in the technical areas of mechanical, electrical and structural design, as required for regulatory approvals (building permits).
- Reviewing and evaluating construction during implementation and coordinating the completion of the project with a consultant team.
To ensure quality-based selection of a professional interior designer, follow these simple steps:
- Develop a design brief or a Request for Proposal that identifies the project needs, lists the scope of services required and outlines the format for the proponents’ response.
- Establish a list of potential interior designers with relevant experience.
- Issue the Request for Proposal or design brief.
- Interview interior designers whose expertise fits the project needs. (This can be done before or after the submission of formal proposals.)
- Check qualifications and references.
- Select an interior designer.
- Finalize consulting agreements in writing.
For a designer, a clearly written contract is a valuable tool. It will prevent miscommunication between you and your client, protect you from unreasonable requests or delays that aren’t your fault, and ensure you are paid for your hard work.
You have plenty of options when it comes to finding a professional interior design firm in Singapore. With so many reviews and forums to sieve through, deciding on an interior design firm in Singapore can be a daunting process. With online search, you will get to know about which are good firms but selecting the firm for your home needs more than this. You need to consider few factors for selecting the right interior deign firm. After all, not all firms are equal in terms of quality and professionalism. Ask the following questions yourself before choosing an interior design firm.
1. Is the interior design firm accredited?
2. How much experience does the interior design firm have?
3. What are the big projects they handled so far?
4. What is the exact timeline of the project?
5. What warranty/insurance coverage does the interior design company offer?
If you in need of the best modern interior design or office interior design or commercial interior design or interior renovation services in Singapore then get in touch with us and we assure you best service at competitive rates.